KNOWLEDGE CENTRE

How to Take Care of Diamond Jewellery :

   Although diamond is considered to be one of the hardest known natural materials, when it is set in a ring, necklace or somewhere else, it can be quite vulnerable to cracking, breakage, or spoiling. If you are not careful when wearing or cleaning diamond jewellery, you can damage the diamond. This article provides some advice on taking care of the diamond jewellery on a daily basis, as well as explaining how to gently clean such jewellery now and then.

Diamond Caring Tips

Remove all diamond jewellery before performing any heavy-duty tasks

Taking off the jewellery will prevent mishaps such as knocking it, spilling cleaning chemicals on it, or causing any other physical damage. Tasks that should be done without wearing jewellery include: Gardening, working in the kitchen, cleaning the house, doing outdoor jobs and any heavy lifting work.

Apply your makeup before putting on your diamond jewellery

Lotions, perfumes, hairspray and cosmetics contain chemicals that can damage diamond jewellery. Only put the diamond items on after you have done with using these products.

Remove your diamond jewellery before you take a shower

Soap can form a layer of film on diamonds, which can quickly dull their radiance and appearance. Removing your diamond pieces before hitting the shower is an excellent way to prevent unscheduled servicing.

Remove your diamond ornaments before you take a swim

Whether you're a professional or an amateur swimmer, you should always ensure that chlorinated water does not interact with the metals and stones in your jewellery. To avoid any potential for structural damage, remove all of your diamond pieces before you enter a pool. It's best to leave them at home too, so that you don't have to worry about losing your valuables.

Remove diamond jewellery when playing contact sports

Any kind of hard blow can risk damaging your jewellery while playing contact sports. The chance that your diamond loosening up from its setting is high when you're pursuing hard-core sporting activities, so it is a good idea to leave your diamond rings, pendants and earrings at home before a game.

Handle properly when cleaning your diamond jewellery

When cleaning, try not to touch the stone with your fingers, handle the diamond ring or necklace by the edges.

Clean the diamond

Use a soft brush, soap and water. If you don't already have a special brush for cleaning jewellery, you can use a (soft, old) toothbrush, an eyebrow or even a lipstick brush; these are soft, small and make a good substitute. Make sure that any brush you use is clean and does not have makeup on it.

Before you start cleaning, make a mix of warm water and a mild detergent

Place the diamond jewellery in the bowl filled with the mixture. Always use a mild cleanser to clean your diamond; jewellery stores use a diluted ammonia to clean with. The easiest way for you to replicate this at home is by using Windex and mix it with hot water. The heat in the water will loosen up any oils on the stone. Just be careful that any cleaning fluid you use doesn't react with any metals the diamond is embedded in. Some cleaning fluids can discolor the metal if you're not careful. Platinum, gold and rhodium jewellery tend to be the most resistant to cleaning fluids than other precious or semi-precious metals.

Soak the diamond jewellery for a few minutes

Then scrub with a brush. Make sure to get under the stone too, as this is where the dirt and oils will gather.

Rinse

To rinse diamond jewellery, use a fine-mesh strainer

After cleaning, use a clean cloth to dry the jewellery

While the diamond itself will not usually be scratched by paper towels or tissues, any other embellishments on the jewellery piece may be, so it makes good sense to stick to using a soft cloth, preferably a jewellery polishing cloth, for the whole piece.

Store with care

If you're not wearing your diamond jewellery for any length of time, store it in a jewellery box, keeping it apart from other jewellery. It is vital that every piece of jewellery has its own place, to prevent your diamond or its settings from being scratched, and to prevent it from damaging other jewellery pieces. Store in a secure container with a fabric lining and cotton pads. This will help to minimize movement or hitting the sides of the storage container. Another way to store your diamond jewellery is in boxes with compartments or in separate zipper pouches.

Diamond Education

   The dazzle of diamonds. The Diamond is beautiful, exotic, and a desirably pure almost flawless gemstone. It can make you feel lavishly abundant and financially secure. It is a fairly simple matter to find beautiful diamonds with no visible flaws to the naked eye and buy them at reasonable prices. Diamonds are graded using a system that judges the stone on its color, clarity, cut and carat weight - commonly known as the "four C's." These four C's are considered the most important aspects that one must consider when investing in diamonds.

Of the 4Cs, gemologists believe that the cut has the greatest influence on a diamond's beauty. A diamond's cut grade is an objective measure of a diamond's light performance. The unique quality of diamonds to effectively manipulate light can only be realized with an extremely high level of accuracy during the cutting and polishing process. A diamond that is cut too shallow or too deep will not reflect light properly and the diamond will not be as brilliant as a diamond with an excellent cut.

Diamonds are graded on a scale beginning with the letter D (colorless) and ending with Z (light yellow or brown). Grading color determines how closely a diamond's color approaches colorlessness. With the exception of fancy color diamonds, the colorless grade is the most valuable. If a diamond does not have enough color to be called fancy, then it is graded on a scale ranging from Colorless to Light Yellow or "D" through "Z." A "D" color diamond is considered colorless. If the color is more intense than "Z," it is considered fancy. A fancy yellow diamond will sell for a far higher price than a light yellow diamond.

Clarity is a measure of the number and size of the tiny imperfections that occur in almost all diamonds. Many of these imperfections are microscopic, and do not affect a diamond's beauty in any discernible way. Diamonds with the least and smallest imperfections receive the highest clarity grades.

The following are the standard grades of diamond clarity:

FL= Flawless -- No inclusions and no blemishes visible under 10x magnification, the most rare and expensive of all clarity grades.
IF= Internally Flawless -- No inclusions visible under 10x magnification, but there may be some tiny external irregularities in the finish.
VVS-1= Very Very Slightly Included 1 -- usually just one tiny inclusion visible only to a trained eye under 10x magnification.
VVS-2= Very Very Slightly Included 2 -- tiny inclusions visible only to a trained eye under 10x magnification.
VS-1= Very Slightly Included 1 -- very small inclusions visible with 10x magnification.
VS-2= Very Slightly Included 2 -- several very small inclusions visible with 10x magnification.
SI-1 and SI-2 = Slightly Included 1 and 2 -- noticeable inclusions that are easily seen under 10x magnification.

Carat is specifically a measure of a diamond's weight, and by itself may not accurately reflect a diamonds size.

In addition, there is also now an unofficial '5th C' that one must consider -- Certification. Diamonds with a proper certification not only ensure quality but also peace of mind as well. A Diamond Certificate can be defined as a statement, issued by an independent Gemological laboratory.
A carat is a unit of measurement, it's the unit used to weigh a diamond. One carat is equal to 200 milligrams, or 0.200 grams.
Keep in mind that differences in size are clearly visible... even to the untrained eye. The word "carat" is taken from the carob seeds that people once used in ancient times to balance scales.
NOTE: Don't confuse "carat weight" with "karat," the method of determining the purity of gold. The process that forms a diamond happens only in very rare circumstances, and typically the natural materials required are found only in small amounts. That means that larger diamonds are uncovered less often than smaller ones. Thus, large diamonds are rare and have a greater value per carat. For that reason, the price of a diamond rises exponentionaly to its size.

Buying Tip

For the best value in what would appear to the naked eye as a colorless diamond, look for G-J diamonds. Because color is easier to detect in larger diamonds, opt for G-H in diamonds over 1 carat, and I-J for those under 1 carat. Once set in a ring, these diamonds will look just like higher color grade diamonds. Instead of investing in higher color, invest in higher cut, the most important factor in a diamond's brilliance. Because diamonds with more facets reflect more light, they tend to hide colour better than other shapes. So, consider round, princess or other modified brilliant cuts over step cuts such as emerald or asscher if you are concerned about color.
If you are concerned primarily about carat weight, and are on a tight budget, consider a yellow gold setting and a round diamond in the K-L colour range. A lower colour diamond with a higher cut grade will have more sparkle and visual appeal than a higher colour diamond with a lower cut grade.

Different shapes of diamonds